Find a registrant or pharmacy

Find a registrant Find a pharmacy

Search the website

Help me with...

New structure for draft Standards of Practice for Pharmacists and Pharmacy Technicians

February 21, 2024
Pharmacy professional helping patient with ACP logo and text saying
The draft standards have been organized into eight domains to improve usability.

Later this year, Council will review an updated version of the draft Standards of Practice for Pharmacists and Pharmacy Technicians (SPPPT) for the purpose of approval.

The draft SPPPT are categorized into eight domains important to quality pharmacy practice. These domains have been proposed to provide structure for the standards and to enable changes to the standards in the future.

The domain of person-centred care is foundational to every aspect of pharmacy practice. Complementary to this, the domain of professionalism and leadership is fundamental to all activities that regulated members perform.

SPPPT domains graphic

Each domain has a statement that provides context about the standards within that domain. Each domain is divided into topics. Each topic has an outcome standard that describes the expected patient outcome that must be achieved for the standard to be met. The achievement of each outcome standard is detailed further through the inclusion of descriptive standards that provide details about activities important to achieving the required outcome.

SPPPT domains

Domain 1 – Person-centred care

Person-centred care is at the heart of the draft SPPPT and is foundational to every aspect of pharmacy practice. Person-centred care recognizes that each patient is an individual with their own values, needs, and health concerns. It focuses on achieving positive health outcomes for patients by including the patient as a partner in their care.

Domain 2 – Professionalism and leadership

Professionalism is demonstrated by regulated members through altruism and ethical conduct to promote the health of individuals and their communities across the continuum of care. Patients feel genuinely cared for and members of the public and colleagues have confidence, respect, and trust when a regulated member demonstrates leadership through professionalism in practice.

Domain 3 – Communication and collaboration

Effective communication creates a shared understanding through the flow of information among regulated members, patients, and individuals within a patient’s circle of care. Collaboration relies on this effective communication within a patient’s circle of care to cooperatively meet patient needs.

Domain 4 – Knowledge, skills, and judgement

Maintaining competence is a professional responsibility of regulated members. To provide safe, appropriate, and effective care, every regulated member needs to ensure that they have the knowledge and skills to make the professional judgements required to provide professional services to patients. Equally important, every regulated member must understand the limitations of their personal competence, and further, to anticipate what they don’t know.

Domain 5 – Public health and health stewardship

The health of the community is supported and promoted, and disease is better managed and prevented, when regulated members support public health. Health stewardship is the careful and responsible management of the well-being of the population.

Domain 6 – Continuous quality improvement

Safe pharmacy care relies on a culture in which all pharmacy team members are genuinely committed to ongoing improvement. Risks to patients are uncovered through a structured continuous quality improvement program that includes reporting; identifying contributing factors; and a culture of learning, not retribution, when practice incidents and near misses occur. Patients are meaningfully involved in the process when concerns are identified.

Domain 7 – Patient assessment and providing care

Patient assessment and person-centred care are a focus of the draft standards, rather than prescription assessment and drug distribution. The standards provide a foundation for patient assessment that emphasizes critical thinking and requires appropriate monitoring, follow up, and documentation. Based on their assessment, the standards define the expectations and requirements for the professional services that regulated members may provide, including dispensing, prescribing, and administration of drugs. 

Domain 8 – Drug distribution and compounding

Drug distribution includes the technical functions of dispensing, selling, and compounding drugs. The accuracy and safety of drug distribution supports the achievement of patients’ health goals.

During the next few months, watch The Link for more details about the draft standards, what’s changing, and how these changes will affect your practice and, ultimately, the health and well-being of Albertans.